<stage> type= attribute [157]


Categorization of stage directions using the type= attribute, with a list of permissible values


Unlike TEI, the WWP requires the use of the type= attribute on <stage>, using the following list of values: “business”, “delivery”, “entrance”, “exit”, “location”, “mixed”, “modifier”, “novelistic”, and “setting”. (These values are suggested but not required in TEI.) In addition, the WWP default for the type attribute is “#IMPLIED” rather “mixed” as in TEI. The use of each value is as follows:

setting: indicates a setting for the dramatic scene; may involve details of stage layout, lighting, time, place, or occasion. For instance: "A ballroom lit with candles. Soft music playing, and couples dancing the rhumba."

entrance: describes an entrance. For instance: "Enter, waving a scimitar."

exit: describes an exit. For instance, "Exeunt omnes."

business: describes stage business, that is, some activity going on while the lines are being spoken. For instance, “Toying with her fan”; “He throws the potato aside with a snort”; “Rocks fall from above”.

novelistic: a stage direction which describes the state of mind or motivations of a character, as if from an omniscient narrator’s viewpoint. For instance, “Fed up with the situation, and becoming impatient”; “Wondering what she means”; “Privately contemplating escape”.

delivery: describing the delivery of a line, either to whom it is spoken, or in what manner. This should be distinguished from stage business, which desribes accompanying action rather than the manner of the speech itself. Examples of delivery might be “To Acrasia”; “Sotto voce”; “Aside”; “In a high, frightened voice”; “Stuttering badly”.

modifier: describing of the character’s appearance, “some detail about the character” (TEI). For instance, “Disguised as a juggler”; “Wearing a fright wig”; “Laden with tin pots”.

location: describing the location from which a line is delivered; this should be distinguished from “setting”, which describes aspects of the entire scene, rather than the position of a character for a particular line. For example, “From the couch”, “At the door”, “Crossing left”, “Seated at the table”.

mixed: more than one of the above.

The WWP does not use the <move> element.

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